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"Ethics, copyright laws, and courtesy to readers require authors to identify the sources of direct quotations
and of any facts of opinions not generally known or easily checked."
--Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition (Chicago: Chicago Univ. Press), p. 594
When doing research, it is necessary to consult and gather information from a variety of places and authors. Therefore, it is important to cite the author (and the work) for a variety of reasons:
- Credit the author and avoid plagiarism - Giving credit to the author or the work helps you to avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism is presenting someone else's words or ideas as your own. The university has a strict policy on academic dishonesty.
- Give credibility to your facts and statements - Readers are often skeptical of sources they do not know or cannot find. By letting the reader know where you got your facts (and allowing them to check theses sources if they wish), readers will be more willing to accept how you came to your conclusions. It will also demonstrate to the readers the depth and scope of your research.
- Help readers extend their own research - Readers use citations to check facts and statements, but also to extend their own research by viewing the topic through a different focus.
Online Help Citing Sources
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA)
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
Call Number: Course Reserves, Services Desk BF76.7 .P83 2010
Publication Date: 2010
Generally used for sciences and social sciences
MLA Style Manual
MLA Handbook (8th Edition)
Call Number: Course Reserves, Services Desk LB2369 .G53 2016
Publication Date: 2016
Generally used for the humanities. MLA stands for Modern Language Association.
Chicago Manual of Style/Turabian
Chicago Manual of Style (ebook)
Call Number: Course Reserves, Services Desk Z253 .U69 2010 (Print)
Publication Date: 2010
All disciplines. The primary style for publishing.
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