Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Spanish and Portuguese

Tips to find UCSB archival collections!

UC Library Search

 

Primary Sources

Primary Sources are documentary evidence of events as remembered by the people that experienced. There are a wide variety of sources that can be labeled "primary" such as:

 

Spanish Civil War Children's Drawings

  • Artwork (painting, sculptures, pottery, posters)
  • Diary, memories, and autobiographies
  • Interviews in a newspaper or magazine
  • Letters
  • Performance (like a play or a ballet or a flash mob)
  • Poem and other types of literature (novels, short stories, fables, etc.)
  • Treaty and other legal documents that document decisions such as bills of sales, wills, etc. 

Sometimes, a secondary source (a source that analyzes primary sources to understand why a phenomenon happened, such as scholarly articles published in academic journals, research books, biographies, textbooks, etc.) can be treated as a primary source depending on the context of your research. For example, if you are doing a research study about how biology teaching has changed through time, then biology textbooks are considered a primary source.  

Primary sources can be found both in libraries and archives. Many have been digitized and accessible online, while others are only accessible by visiting an archive or getting a print book at the library or through Interlibrary Loan. Explore the tabs on this page to see where and how you can find and access these sources!

 

 

Caption: One of 634 drawings from the collection, "They still draw pictures", which is part of the Southworth Spanish Civil War Collection housed in the Mandeville Special Collections Library at UC San Diego.

The UCSB Library, as well as the rest of the UC campuses, hold rich collections of archival materials from Latin America, the Caribbean and Iberia. Some collections are accessible physically at UCSB Special Research Collections while others can be accessed online through the Online Archive of California (where you can search for finding aids) and Calisphere, the portal to digital collections from California's libraries, archives, and museums.

 

Explore these resources following the links below:

Newspapers are a type of primary source used in history. Many archives have newspaper collections, and some of them have even been digitized and may available online.

 

Note: As any primary source used for historical research, be aware of the strengths (first witness accounts) and weakness (bias, forgetfulness, sensationalism) of this type of source.

 
Historical Newspapers Databases:
This is a selection of archival online resources available through UCSB Library. For more online resources available on the Web, check out the tab labelled, Finding Spanish & Portuguese Primary Resources!
This is a selection of archival online resources available through UCSB Library. For more online resources available on the Web, check out the tab labelled, Finding Spanish & Portuguese Primary Resources!
This is a selection of bibliographic and archival material freely available for the study of Medieval Spain and Portugal. This is not an exhaustive list but a sampling of the great variety of content freely available online. If you want me to add a new resource, please contact me!

Copyright © 2008-2019 The Regents of the University of California, All Rights Reserved.
UCSB Library (805) 893-2478 • Music Library (805) 893-2641 • UCSB, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9010
Contact UsPolicies