Primary sources can be found both in libraries and archives. Many have been digitized and accessible online while others are only accessible by visiting an archive or getting a print book at the library or through Interlibrary Loan. Explore the tabs on this page to see where and how you can find and access these sources!
Tip: Some books are considered primary sources. To find them, check out the Finding Articles, Books and More tab for instructions!
Explore these resources following the links below:
Below is a list of databases that you can use to find current news in your topic:
As any primary source used for historical research, be aware of the strengths (first witness accounts) and weakness (bias, forgetfulness, sensationalism) of this type of source.
Historical Newspapers Databases:
Today, we are able to get access to these materials through the efforts of librarians, archivists, and museum curators who have worked with different organizations to photograph and/or digitize these collections. Below is a selection of online collections available for research.
Mesoamerican codices refers to pre-Colombian folding books made out of tree bark, deer hide. These books were used by different culture in Mesoamerica by Aztec, Mayan and other indigenous groups to record religious rituals, and historical events. There are also Post-Conquest codices created by (or in collaboration with) indigenous people that combine Pre-Hispanic iconography with European aesthetic and book making techniques.
Archives & Libraries Portals:
Online Archives Sites: