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Citation Styles: Chicago/Turabian

Note about Chicago/Turabian Citation Styles

This section provides general formatting guidelines for bibliographical entries according to The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th Edition.

What is the difference between Chicago and Turabian Style Citations?

Both styles are considered Chicago style-the main difference is that Turabian is the student version of the Chicago style, intended for college students who are writing essays and research not intended for publication. The Chicago Manual of Style (sometimes referred to as CMOS) is aimed at professional scholars and publishers. 

Make sure you know what type of citation style your assignment is asking you to use: 

This refers to how you cite your sources in the text of your research paper. 

The complete text of the 17th edition is available online for UCSB users at:

If you are writing a thesis or dissertation and need Turabian style citation help, please refer to  

Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers, 8th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.    Course Reserves, Services Desk LB2369 .T8 2013

Turabian provides documentation systems that are essentially the same as The Chicago Manual of Style, with slight modifications for the needs of student writers.

Books (Examples are taken from the 16th edition.)


GENERAL FORMAT AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstName. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, YearPublished.
1 author Smith, Zadie. Swing Time. New York: Penguin Press, 2016.
2 or more authors Khan-Cullors, Patrisse, and Asha Bandele. When They Call You a Terrorist. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. 2017.
Editors Moraga, Cherrie, and Gloria Anzaldua, eds. This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color. New Y0ork: State University of New York Press, 2015.
Electronic book Storrie, Paul D., and Ron Randall. Graphic Universe: Beowulf. Minneapolis: Lerner Publishing Group, 2007. NetLibrary e-book.
Translated book Lahiri, Jhumpa. In Other Words. Translated by Ann Goldstein. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2016.
Book chapter Gilmore, Ruth Wilson. "In the Shadow of the Shadow State." in The Revolution Will Not Be Funded: beyond the non-profit industrial complex, 40-52. Durham; Duke University Press. 2017.
Essay or chapter in an anthology or edited book Otaño, Magdalena Mouján. "Gu Ta Gutaraak (We and Our Own)" in Cosmos Latinos: An Anthology of Science Fiction from Latin America and Spain. eds. Andrea L. Be.. & Yolanda Molina Gavilán. Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press, 2003.

Articles and Periodicals (Examples are taken from the 16th edition.)


GENERAL FORMAT (electronic) AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstName. "Title of Article." Title of Book/Journal VolumeNumber, no. IssueNumber (YearPublished): PageNumbers. URL.
Article from Library Database Hoffman Garrett D, and Tania D. Mitchell. "Making Diveristy 'Everyone's Business": A Discourse Analysis of Institutional Responses to Student Activism for Equity and Inclusion." Journal of Diversity in Higher Education 9, no. 3 (2016): 277-289. PsycARTICLES, ProQuest. 
Article in Public Domain or E-Journal Sutherland, Tonia. "Archival Amnesty: In Search of Black American Transitional and Restorative Justice." Journal of Critical Library and Information Studies 1, no. 2 (2017).
Newspaper article Watanabe, Teresa. "UC let 'inappropriate factors' influence admissions decisions, state audit finds." Los Angeles Times, September 22, 2020.
Magazine article Leary, Alaina. "Amanda Leduc and Fantasy Authors Challenge the Trope of 'Broken' Disabled People." Bitch Magazine, March 9, 2020.
AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstName. "Title of Article." Title of Book/Journal VolumeNumber, no. IssueNumber (YearPublished): PageNumbers.

Audio & Visual Materials (Examples are taken from the 16th edition.)


GENERAL FORMAT AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstName. Title of entire work. Editor(s)/Performer(s). Location: Publisher, YearPublished.
Musical score Donizetti, Gaetano. Don Pasquale: An Opera in Three Acts with Italian English Text. Edited  by Donizetti and G.D. Ruffini. New York: E.F. Kalmus, 1969.
LP/CD/Streaming media Jackson, Michael. Thriller. Epic QE 38112.
Film/Audio Recording It’s a Wonderful Life, directed by Frank Capra. 1946; Middlesex, NJ: New Age Video, 1988. VHS.
Visual art Carrington, Leonora. The Giantess (Guardian of the Egg). PaintingMagritte, René, The Treachery of Images. Painting, tempera on wood panel, 1947. Private Collection. 
Maps Michigan. Map. Chicago: Rand, 2000.
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