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Sources of Government Data
Governmental bodies collect and distribute data related to a wide array of mandates. As you search for data sources, consider which levels of government (federal, state, local, international, governmental organizations) and which types of agencies (labor, health, education, transportation) may have a mandate to gather and/or disseminate relevant data.
If you're not sure where to start, try these resources:
The ProQuest Statistical Abstract of the United States is a comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic conditions of the United States. This resource is a continuation of the Statistical Abstract of the United States, previously published by the U.S. Census Bureau.
Materials Indexed: Business Data; Census Data; Charts & Graphs; Economic Data; Financial Data; Government Documents; Statistics
Search summaries of statistical publications from government agencies, then link to the full-text of selected publications on Statistical Insight and government websites. Statistical Insight combines American Statistics Index (U.S. Federal statistics), Statistical Reference Index (U.S. state governments and private organizations) and Index to International Statistics (international agencies).
Materials Indexed: Business Data; Charts & Graphs; Economic Data; Financial Data; Government Documents; Statistics
RAND State Statistics allows users to choose the geographic coverage that's best for them. RAND US contains nearly 200 Social Science databases covering all 50 U.S. states. The California (CA) collection contains these 200 U.S. databases, plus about 80 detailed databases on California. The Texas (TX) collection contains these 200 U.S. databases, plus about 60 detailed databases on Texas.
Date Coverage: 1987 - present
Materials Indexed: Business Data; Economic Data; Statistics
ICPSR is a membership-based organization providing access to a vast archive of computer-based research and instructional data for the social sciences. The data holdings cover a broad range of disciplines, including political science, sociology, demography, economics, history, education, gerontology, criminal justice, public health, foreign policy, and law. The data and codebooks may be downloaded by UCSB faculty, students, and staff.
IPUMS USA collects, preserves and harmonizes U.S. census microdata and provides easy access to this data with enhanced documentation. Data includes decennial censuses from 1790 to 2010 and American Community Surveys (ACS) from 2000 to the present.
The National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) provides easy access to summary tables and time series of population, housing, agriculture, and economic data, along with GIS-compatible boundary files, for years from 1790 through the present and for all levels of U.S. census geography, including states, counties, tracts, and blocks.
The MCDC data archive, which includes many national collections as well as Missouri-specific data, is one of the premier sites in the country for accessing census and other public, machine-readable demographic and geographic data.