Census of Population and Housing Overview
Taken every 10 years since 1790, the latest Census was conducted on April 1, 2010. The entire 2000 and much of the 2010 Census data, down to the block group level, is available on American FactFinder.
Printed summary reports are available for the United States, individual states, counties and cities. In addition, DVDs are available for use in the Government Information Center of the UCSB Davidson Library; these are useful for accessing and downloading large data sets.
This guide will discuss the Census Questionnaires, and the data sets available on American Fact Finder.
If you are looking for a specific topic, or type of data, you may want to check out the Census Subject Index.
Economic Census Overview
The economic census provides a detailed portrait of the United States' economy once every five years (Years ending in 2 or 7), from the national to the local level.
The 2007 Economic Census covers most of the U.S. economy in its basic collection of establishment statistics. There also are several related programs, including statistics on minority- and women-owned businesses. Censuses of agriculture and governments are conducted at the same time.
Results from the 2007 Economic Census are being issued on American FactFinder, starting in early 2009 and continuing through late 2011.
American Community Survey
The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide survey designed to provide communities a fresh look at how they are changing. It is a critical element in the Census Bureau's reengineered decennial census program. The ACS collects and produces population and housing information every year instead of every ten years.
The ACS will be replacing the Census long form and is sent to approx. 3 million households every year.